Texas CHL Tips - 10 Basics of Safe Gun Handling
From the time you pick up a firearm, you become part of a system over which you have complete control. You are the only part of the system that can make a gun safe - or unsafe.
Learn the 10 Rules of Safe Handgun Handling:
ALWAYS KEEP THE MUZZLE POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION.
This is the most basic safety rule. If everyone handled a firearm so carefully that the muzzle never pointed at something they didn't intend to shoot, there would be virtually no firearms accidents. It's as simple as that, and it's up to you.- top -
FIREARMS SHOULD BE UNLOADED WHEN NOT ACTUALLY IN USE.
Firearms should be loaded only when you are in the field or on the target range shooting area, ready to shoot. When not in use, firearms and ammunition should be secured in a safe place, separate from each other. it is your responsibility to prevent children and unauthorized persons from gaining access to firearms or ammunition.- top -
DON'T RELY ON YOUR GUN'S "SAFETY" MECHANISM.
Treat every gun as though it is loaded and can fire at any time. The "safety" mechanism on any gun is a mechanical device which, like any such device, can become inoperable at the worst possible time. Besides, by mistake, the safety may be "off" when you think it is "on." The safety only serves as a supplement to proper gun handling but cannot possibly serve as a substitute for common sense. You should never handle a gun carelessly and assume that the gun won't fire just because the "safety is on."- top -
BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET AND WHAT'S BEYOND IT.
No one can call a shot back. Once a gun fires, you have given up all control over where the shot will go or what it will strike. Don't shoot unless you know exactly what your shot is going to strike. Be sure that your bullet will not injure anyone or anything beyond your primary target.- top -
USE THE CORRECT AMMUNITION FOR YOUR FIREARM.
Using improper or incorrect ammunition can destroy a gun and cause serious personal injury. It only takes one cartridge of improper caliber or gauge to wreck your gun, and only a second to check each one as you load it. be absolutely certain tht the ammunition you are using matches the specifications that are contained within the gun's instruction manual and the manufacturer's markings on the firearm.- top -
IF YOUR GUN FAILS TO FIRE WHEN THE TRIGGER IS PULLED, HANDLE IT WITH CARE!
Occasionally, a cartridge may not fire when the trigger is pulled. If this occurs, keep your face away from the breech. Then carefully open the action, unload the firearm and dispose of the cartridge in a safe way.- top -
ALWAYS WEAR EYE AND EAR PROTECTION WHEN SHOOTING.
All shooters should wear protective shooting glasses and some form of hearing protectors while shooting. Having your hearing and eyes protected will make your shooting easier and will help improve your enjoyment of shooting sports.- top -
BE SURE THE BARREL IS CLEAR OF OBSTRUCTIONS BEFORE SHOOTING.
Before you load your firearm, open the action and be certain that no ammunition is in the chamber or magazine. Be sure the barrel is clear of any obstruction. Even a small bit of mud, snow, excess lubricating oil or grease in the bore can cause dangerously increase pressures, causing the barrel to bulge or even burst on firing, which can cause injury to the shooter and bystanders.- top -
DON'T ALTER OR MODIFY YOUR FIREARM IN AN UNSAFE MANNER. HAVE YOUR GUNS SERVICED REGULARLY.
Firearms are complicated mechanisms that are designed by experts to function properly in their original condition. Any alteration or changes made to a firearm after manufacture can make the gun dangerous and will usually void any factory warranties. Do not jeopardize your safety or the safety of others by altering the trigger, safety or other mechanism of any firearm or allowing unqualified persons to repair or modify a gun. You'll usually ruin an expensive gun. Don't do it!
Your gun is a mechanical device that is subject to wear and damage. As such, it requires periodic inspection, adjustment and service. Check with the manufacturer of your firearm for recommended servicing.- top -
LEARN THE MECHANICAL AND HANDLING CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FIREARM YOU ARE USING.
Not all firearms are the same. The method of carrying and handling firearms varies in accordance with the mechanical characteristics of each gun. Having a gun in your possession is a full-time job. You must know how to use, handle and store your firearm safely. Do not use any firearm without having a compete understanding of its particular characteristics and safe use. You cannot guess; you cannot forget. There is no such thing as a "Foolproof" gun.- top -